High Blood Pressure (Hypertension)
Hypertension or high blood pressure occurs when the force of blood against the artery walls is high. High blood pressure is called a ”Silent killer”, since it usually has no sympotms and quietly cause serious problems such as kidney disease, heart attack, stroke and blindness. The increased force
damages arteries all over the body.
High blood pressure is lowered by a combination of lifestyle modification and drugs. You can begin lowering your blood pressure naturally by performing moderate physical activity 2 hours and 30 minutes a week, avoiding salty and highly processed food products, quitting smoking, limiting alcohol intake, and maintaining an ideal weight. Most people however also require drug treatment to bring the blood pressure under control.
Heart failure is a state when the heart is unable to pump efficiently and cannot keep up with the body’s demand for blood and oxygen. It is usually a chronic and progressive condition that can lead to breathlessness, fatigue, fluid retention and death. Diabetes, high blood pressure, alcohol abuse,and other heart problems are precipitating factors of heart failure. To diagnose heart failure, your doctor will perform a physical assessment and ask about your current health status and lifestyle. Also, there will be blood workups and a few cardiac tests, such as ECG and echocardiography
Management and treatment for heart failure depend on the extent of the disease process. Drug treatments are incredibly effective at preventing symptoms and prolonging life. In addition, some people benefit from special pacemakers, heart transplants and artifical heart pumps.
Angina is the medical term for chest pain, caused by blockages in the heart arteries. It occurs when the heart receives less oxygen than it needs.Angina is a symptom. Shortness of breath or chest pain/tightness that travels to the shoulder or arm are the common descriptions of angina. It is often difficult to tell if you are experiencing angina. However, if you are unsure, see Dr MacDonald so that he can examine you properly. In addition to the physical exam, you might also need to undergo a blood test, ECG, stress testing and heart imaging
Current management of angina involves medications, and sometimes treatment to unblock the heart arteries (revascularisation). Blockages can be treated with balloons to open them up and stents to keep the artery open. This is usually done by a minimally invasive procedure. Sometimes more invasivecoronary artery bypass grafting is required.
Atrial fibrillation is a type of arrhythmia characterized by rapid and irregular heart rate. The exact cause of atrial fibrillation is unknown, but several factors contribute to the condition, such as genetics, infections, and heart disorders. You are experiencing atrial fibrillation if you feel your heart ”races”. You may also encounter fatigue and chest pain. Performing an ECG confirms atrial fibrillation. Management and treatment for atrial fibrillation include medication and catheter ablation.